Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to develop immunity to antibiotics prescribed to treat infections. Antibiotic resistance is one of the world’s most pressing health problems and must be dealt with immediately. Antibiotics do not treat illnesses caused by viruses such as the flu, bronchitis, sore throats, and some ear infections and therefore should not be taken in such situations. The overprescription of antibiotics offers bacteria the opprotunity to produce future generations of bacteria that are not killed by antibiotics. Natural changes that occur in bacterial DNA may offer the bacteria an advantage when the microorganism encounters antibiotics. Antibiotics may also offer dangerous side effects. Antibiotics should only be prescribed for bacterial infections. MRSA or methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus aureus is a bacterium that has developed resistance to antibiotics such as penicillins and cephalosphorins. MRSA is prevalent in hospitals, prisons, and nursing homes where people have weakened immune systems. The amount of research dedicated to antibiotic resistance is disproportionate to the effect is has on our society and health system.
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